Theory, Movement, Migration Patterns


Boado, Héctor Cebolla. “Do Immigrant-Origin Students Progress Faster at School? The Case of France.” Population 63. 4 (2008): 651-667. JSTOR. Web. 20 September 2011.

This article examines whether immigrant-origin students progress faster in school then French-born children. The analysis is based on longitudinal data from a group of students who are entering the French secondary education system in 1995. Although the data shows that immigrant-born students progressed faster than native-born students, it does not mean that they learn more than native-born students. The results indicate that they progress more because they start with lower grades in the period of observation than their native counterparts. I was interested in this article because migration is a hot political topic in Europe and a lot of false statements are usually made of immigrant-born student potential in European academic systems. The article was not so useful because it is a bit outdated and lacks more concrete empirical data.

Costa-Lopes, and Jorge Vala. “Youth attitudes toward difference and diversity: a cross-national analysis.” Análise Social 45.195 (2010): 255-275. JSTOR. Web. 23 September 2011.
This study finds that the youth are more open to cultural diversity and difference than older generations. In a test conducted in 65 countries, results showed that youth are more tolerant towards ethnically/ racially different groups. The youth  are also seen as more tolerant than older generations towards groups of people who are stigmatized and/or different (except in Sub-Saharn Africa where older people were more tolerant to difference than the younger generation) . The paper also reveals that political conservatism is a good and constant predictor of intolerance to (cultural) difference. In a study conducted in 21 European countries, where conservative values correlate disfavorably with tolerance towards cultural diversity, the youth still showed a higher openness to diversity than older generations. The study revealed that self-transcendence values had a positive correlation with openness to cultural diversity in those 21 European countries. This article sheds a negative light on acceptance of change and diversity in Europe with the being lower than the midpoint, expressing that diversity is negatively viewed upon . I think this article adds value to my research on immigration and integration in Europe because it gives a more detailed view on youth and senior general views and tendencies. The most intriguing concepts in the article for me included the description of in group/out group categorization where self beliefs of what characteristics can be categorized as pertaining to a certain membership and values can influence the perception of what will and will not be tolerated. Those who are able to connect different characteristics, notions, etc. to one subject, are more likely to be more openminded and accepting of difference.
Gallagher, Anne and Elaine Pearson. “The High Cost of Freedom: A Legal an Policy Analysis of Shelter Detention for Victims of Trafficking.” Human Rights Quarterly 32.1 (2010): n. pag. JSTOR. Web. 22 May 2011. 
This article calls for action to improve the human rights conditions of victims of trafficking. It describes the unlawful detention of victims in shelters for information, poor housing conditions and outlines a list of structural and policy changes that need to be implemented to improve their conditions and to prevent them from being re-trafficked. Although I am not focusing specifically on human trafficking, this article lets me see deeper into some of the problems that some of the most powerless migrants face.


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